■ FILA BRASILEIRO (フィラ・ブラジレイロ)原産国・ブラジル

■ フィラ・ブラジレイロは、ブラジルのガードドッグで、15世紀にヨーロッパからブラジルに持ち込まれたマスティフ系の犬と、ブラッドハウンド(ベルギー原産)、オールドイングリッシュブルドッグ(昔の闘犬だったイギリスのブルドッグ)から作られました。大型獣の猟犬として作られたようですが、獲物を殺さずに捕獲するので、侵入者を殺さずに捕らえるためのガードドッグとして活躍するようになりました。飼い主には忠実で優しいですが、極端に防衛本能と縄張り意識が強く、初心者には飼いにくい犬のようです。しかし、普段からあんまり動かず怠け者の一面もあって、侵入者を確認してるにも関わらず、寝たまま見逃してしまう犬もいるらしく、ブラジリアン・テリアなどのテリア種と一緒に飼って、侵入者がいた場合、テリアが騒いで寝ているフィラを起こして、ガードドッグとしての役目を果たすような場合もあるようです。

■ この犬は、ピットブル、土佐犬と同様、イギリス、オーストラリア、ニュージーランドなどでは入国禁止になっています。見た目と違ってそれだけ激しい犬種です。飼う場合は注意が必要です。


■ Fila Brasileiro

The Fila Brasileiro (or Brazilian Mastiff) is a large working breed of dog developed in Brazil. They are a Molosser breed with large bones and loose skin. The breed standard requires males to be between 65 and 75 cm (27 - 29.5 in) high at the shoulder and weigh at least 50 kg (110 lb). Females are slightly smaller and expected to be 60 to 70 cm (24 - 27.5 in) tall, and weigh at least 40 kg (90 lb).

■ Coat

The coat of the Fila Brasileiro is smooth and short. Solid yellow, reddish tans, black and brindled colours are permitted, except mouse-grey and solid white. White markings, not exceeding 1/4 of the coat surface area, are permitted on the feet, chest, and the tip of the tail in the FCI/CBKC standard.

■ Temperament

The Fila Brasileiro is an excellent estate guardian and cattle dog. It does not hide its aversion to strangers, consequently these dogs are not disqualified from the show ring for showing aggression to the judge. Their faithfulness to family and friends is legendary, but this breed is not for everyone. The Fila needs a confident, experienced owner who can properly curb the breed's natural aversion towards strangers. Because of its aversion, it is not well suited to busy households which have many guests. Such aversion is instinctive in Filas, so much so that the Brazilian breed standard advises show judges not to touch the dog. However, the FCI standard allows for disqualification of very aggressive dogs. Few Filas will attack for no reason, but none will be friendly with strangers.

Filas love and bond strongly with their immediate families with an extreme loyalty and protectiveness. They live to protect their loved ones, including children and other pets. They do not readily accept strangers and need an extended introduction period to warm up to others they do not know. Some will never warm up to any stranger. Some bloodlines have less temperament than others and might accept a stranger if introduced properly by the owner, but it should never be assumed that every Fila can be trained to accept strangers. They are known to play very well with children and take a great deal of "abuse" from them, as long as they are family.

■ History

The Fila Brasileiro is believed to have been developed from a number of breeds, predominantly the Mastiff, the Bulldog, and the Bloodhound (the last contributing to breed's loose skin). The Fila Brasileiros were found primarily on large plantations and cattle farms from where they originated. Reportedly, they are also excellent tracking dogs and were used to track Brazilian slaves and fugitives. Dr. Paulo Santos Cruz contributed largely in writing the breed standard and importing the fila from the farms to Sao Paulo. In the 1970s, due to political pressures from the dog world, the stud book was closed in Brazil. This led to the split of the Fila Brasileiro into two distinct bloodlines, often referred to by their registries, CBKC and CAFIB. CAFIB offers phenotypical evaluation and registration for unregistered dogs, in the hopes of preserving the working abilities of Fila Brasileiro dogs in remote regions of the country. In fact, In Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Hound of Baskervilles, there is reason to believe this is the hound. The dogs owner originated in South America and it was described as a Mastiff Bloodhound

■ Legal Status

In the United Kingdom ,Israel and the Australian city of Brisbane it is illegal to own any of these dogs without specific exemption from a court.




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