■ CANE CORSO (カネコルソ)原産国・イタリア・シチリア島

■ カネコルソは、イタリア原産の犬らしく、とてもお洒落でカッコいい犬種です。グレー、ベージュ、ブリンドル、ブラックなどの毛色があります。イタリアのカーネディマチェライオという闘犬を復元して作られました。シチリア島といえばゴッドファザーのマフィアの島ですから、カネコルソも闘犬だと思われがちですが、牛を管理する犬だったようです。しかし、闘犬の血も残っていますから、ガードドッグ(番犬)として飼われることも多く、侵入者には恐れることなく勇猛果敢に戦います。



The Cane Corso is an Italian breed of dog used mainly as a guard dog. It is of the large molosser type.

■ Description

■ Appearance

The Cane Corso is a large, lean molosser-type dog. It is well muscled and looks more athletic than most other mastiffs, tending less toward sheer bulk like the English Mastiff and more towards definition like the original Old English Bulldog. The official FCI standard calls for dogs to stand from 60-68cm (23.6-26.7 inches) at the withers, with bitches in the lower region and dogs in the higher. Weight should be in keeping with the size and stature of these dogs, ranging from 40-50 kg (88-110lbs). The overall impression should be of power balanced with athleticism.

Its ears are naturally dropped forward, but where legal, many breeders crop them short and close to the head so that the remaining stubs stand upright. Its muzzle is as wide as it is long. Most Corsos have docked tails as well. The standard calls for docking at the 4th vertebra, although many are docked shorter.

Corsos appear in two basic coat colours: black and fawn. This is further modified by genetic pigment dilution to create blue (from black) and formentino (from fawn) colours. Formentino only express the blue colouring on the mask. Brindling of varying intensity is common on both basic coat colours as well, creating tigrato (full brindle), black brindle, and blue brindle. Fawn also has a number of different expressions, ranging from the pale of a formentino to 'red' to the more common beige colour, with the back coat hairs tipped with black. In blue dogs, the nose can appear grey, but should be darker than the coat. In all other dogs, the nose should be black. White markings on the chest, toes and on the chin are seen as well, with smaller white patches being preferable.

■ Temperament

Cane Corsos are considered to have an even, stable temperament. They are easy to train, generally good with children, and calm with their primary guardians. They can be reserved, suspicicious and may be aggressive towards people they do not know. Corsos are a quiet breed who frequently suffer from separation anxiety.

Although many breeders claim that these dogs are aggressive, the true Corso should be indifferent when approached and should only react when a real threat is present. However, "the majority of the American version of the Corso do not possess the proper temperament for this breed."

■ History

As a recently recovered breed, the Cane Corso's history is shrouded in mystery and differing opinions. It is generally agreed that the Cane Corso is a farm dog which has been used for stock control, property and personal protection and big game hunting throughout its history. Recovered from near extinction through the efforts of enthusiasts in the 1980's, the Corso is now popular globally.

The Corso is likely derived from the same root stock as the Neapolitan Mastiff; the historically documented Roman war dog "Canis Pugnax". The Corso favours agilty and speed, where the Neapolitan is known for power and strength.




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